The airplane is heavier-than-air aircraft equipped with wings and a cargo body capable of flying and usually powered by one or more engines. Traditionally it classified as passenger, cargo, or war aircraft.
The first two are used as a means of transport; they can also be defined as instructional, acrobatic, sports aviation, unique work, and experimental. Please browse this page and then you will get cool animated airplane pictures.
Cool Animated Airplane Pictures
Although not all planes have the same structure, they are usually very similar. The main parts of an airplane are wings, Fuselage, Control systems, Horizontal stabilizers, Vertical stabilizers, Power train, Landing gear, and Control instruments.
The wing is an aerodynamic surface that provides support to the aircraft due to the aerodynamic effect caused by the curvature of the upper part of the wing (top surface) that makes the air flowing over it accelerate and therefore lower its pressure (creating a suction effect).
While the air circulates under the wing (which in most cases is flat or with a minor curvature and which we will call intrados) maintains the same speed and pressure of the relative air.
At the same time, it increases the lift since when it hits the bottom of the wing, it pushes it upwards, keeping the plane sustained in the air and counteracted the action of gravity.
The fuselage is an aircraft body to which the wings and stabilizers are attached both horizontally and vertically.
Its interior is hollow so that the passenger cabin and the control cabin and the cargo compartments can be housed inside. The design of the aircraft will determine its size.
Control systems are all those moving parts of the aircraft that, when used by changing their position, will cause an aerodynamic effect that alters the course of the flight and will have the security of a correct control of the aircraft, namely.
Horizontal stabilizers are two fins smaller than the wings, located in a horizontal position (usually at the back of the plane), in the empennage and in different places and shapes depending on the design, which provides stability and support for takeoff and landing.
They contain critical control surfaces, which are the elevators (or also called depth rudders) with which the flight altitude is controlled by the ascent and descent of these surfaces.
It will tilt the aircraft forward or backward, i.e., the plane will rise or fall at a certain altitude and be in a particular position concerning the horizon. This effect is called penetration or descent, or pitching movement.
Vertical stabilizers are a fin(s) that is/are located vertically on the rear of the fuselage (usually at the top). Aeronautical calculations must determine Their number and shape according to the aerodynamic and design requirements, which provide stability to the aircraft.
On this surface, there is a significant control surface. This steering wheel, the flight course is controlled by moving to one side or the other of this surface, turning to the side determined on its axis due to aerodynamic effects. This effect is called yawing movement.
Power trains are the engines that the plane has to obtain the propulsion it requires to follow a forward course, counteracting the effect of the headwind, which puts up resistance and would push it backward.
The manufacturer previously analyzes these engines and then installed in the aircraft if they meet the requirements of the aircraft in terms of power (ie, after power tests, containment of materials in case of the explosion.
The engine manufacturer sends it to the aircraft manufacturer, which usually tests it in a similar aircraft to the one that is going to be built, and if everything works as established.
They are mounted in the aircraft, to complete one more stage of its construction), fuel use, operation and maintenance cost, resistance, quality, autonomy, defense, etc.;
All this provides characteristics and excellent support to carry out the mission that corresponds to each type of aircraft efficiently and appropriately.
The landing gear is a mobile and storable device of the aircraft useful to prevent the lower part from contacting the ground surface, avoiding severe damage to the structure, and helping the plane to have mobility on the ground and to be able to move around it.
There are several types of landing gears, but the most used today is the tricycle, that is, three gears, one in the front and 2 in the wings and part of the compartments inside the wing and the fuselage protected by the covers of the same that become part of the aircraft.
Since if the gears remain in the vertical position, they would reduce the aerodynamics of the aircraft, reducing the range and speed, causing more significant use of fuel. Not all aircraft can retract their trains, which causes the result mentioned above.
Control instruments are electronic devices developed with avionics. They allow the pilot to know the general state of the parts of the plane during the flight, the meteorological conditions, the programmed course of the flight, and diverse systems that will control the control surfaces to direct and maintain a correct and safe trip.
Among them: the artificial horizon, radar, GPS, autopilot, engine controls, throttles, steering lever and pedals, pitot tube, general lights, and starter switches