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Basketball is a collective sport played between two teams. The goal is to insert it in the fixed basket that is located at the ends of the court.
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Basketball is one of the most popular Olympic games in the world. In schools, it is one of the most practiced sports in physical education classes.
Basketball was created in 1891 by Canadian gym teacher James Naismith (1861-1940). At the time, he was working at the Springfield, Massachusetts, Young Men’s Christian Association in the United States.
The sport emerged as an alternative to the harsh winter in the region. It is the detriment of other outdoor sports such as baseball and soccer.
Besides, the original idea was to create a less violent sport than American football. Allied to this, the creative teacher wanted to integrate students into physical education classes and stimulate the collectivity of groups.
The first official basketball game was played in 1892 and had an audience of approximately 200 people. That same year, women began to practice this sport. The first women’s game took place in 1896.
The women’s game was inserted by the physical education teacher Senda Berenson (1868-1954). It was also in 1896 that the sport arrived in Brazil, brought by the American Augusto Louis.
Curious to note that in the beginning, the sport was practiced with a ball similar to soccer. It was only in 1984 that the basketball, as we know it today, was developed by a Massachusetts company.
It wasn’t until later that basketball made it to the Olympics. The first Olympic basketball game took place in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
That moment represented a great achievement for the spread of sport around the world. Today, about 200 countries are members of the FIBA, the International Basketball Federation.
This organization was founded in 1932 and is responsible for organizing basketball-related events worldwide. The headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Basketball aims to insert the ball into the basket corresponding to your team. Therefore, there are two baskets at each end of the court 3.05 meters from the ground.
The team that scores the most wins the game. Note that the points vary depending on the pitch location. That is, for free throws, one point is added. Otherwise, two points are added to the score.
There are also points made when the players are close to the line of three. As the name implies, in this case, three points are counted.
The game is divided into four times, being 10 minutes each. The game based on beats, ball passes, and defense and attack positions. The ball passes can be hand pass, chest pass, sting pass (or bounce), shoulder pass, and over the head.
The most used pitches are the tray and the jump. The so-called “buried” pitches occur by jumping and placing the ball in the basket. Note that players cannot take more than three steps with the ball in their hands. Before that, he must pass to his teammate.
In a basketball game, a player cannot receive more than five fouls. If that happens, he’s out of the field. The fouls can be committed when the player takes more than two steps without bouncing the ball.
Also, the player cannot stay more than 5 seconds with the ball in his hands. This makes basketball a very dynamic game. In the area called “garrafão”, the players cannot stay more than 3 seconds.
Finally, and as obvious, aggressions between players are considered fouls and still, if it touches the arms or hands of the opponent who is with the ball.
There are two teams of 5 players each in a basketball match. They are classified into owners (base), ends, and posts (pivots). This will depend on their position and goals in the development of the game. The goalkeepers are located in the center of the court and therefore are the “head” of the team.
The ends, as the name indicates, are those that are close to the sidelines. The pivots, on the other hand, are responsible for most of the ball pitches to the basket.
Generally, the posts are bigger and more agile players in the team. They are ones who make the rebound of the balls, that is, recover the ball after the throw.
Basketball can be played on an indoors, outdoors. The dimensions are 28 meters long and 15 meters wide. At least it is 26 meters long by 14 meters wide.