Broccoli has a similar shape to cauliflower but with less tight or compact flower stalks, forming a bouquet or irregular and open head.
Its leaves remain erect, with bare petioles, blades whose edges are wavy, and marked white veins. The broccoli head can reach 20 centimeters in diameter, weighing about 2 kg.
Nutritional and Health Properties of Broccoli
Broccoli properties have made it known as ‘the vegetable with the highest nutritional value’ concerning the percentage of edible product weight.
It is mainly composed of water, which means that its level of calories provided to the body after its intake is minimal, so it is recommended in weight control diets.
Its vitamin content gives it an excellent nutritional value since it provides, among others, vitamins B1, E, A, and C.
These substances contribute to the maintenance of body tissues, increase resistance to infections, regulate the nervous system’s correct development, and intervene in growth.
Among the minerals provided by this vegetable, potassium stands out, although it also has specific amounts of calcium, zinc, iodine, iron, and magnesium.
They are healthily involved in the generation of nerve impulses, muscle activity, water regulation in the cell, the functioning of various internal organs such as the intestines, and improving immunity.
Minerals, particularly iodine, are indispensable for the functioning of the thyroid gland, thus controlling certain metabolic functions such as regulating body temperature and the development of the fetus’s brain during pregnancy.