A flower is the part of the plant responsible for reproduction. Its structure includes a short stem and a cluster of modified leaves that protect the sex cells and ensure the formation of new seeds.
The word flower comes from the Latin flows, which in turn seems to have its origin in the Indo-European root bhlē, which means to flower.
Beautiful Animated Flower Pictures
Parts of the flower, they are?
It is the final part of the stem, and its function is to hold the flower through the receptacle
It is the upper segment of the stem and is the structure that supports the specialized leaves (petals), as well as the organelles that make up the flower.
It is the structure in which the flower’s organelles are protected. It contains the sepals, which are the small leaves that have the function of supporting the first petals. It also includes the corolla, the most beautiful petals of the flower.
It is an element of tubular form that contains the female reproductive system of the flower.
It is the female reproductive system, and in turn is composed of the stigma (top of the pistil), the pollen tube, which is the top of the style (where the pollen comes down), the ovaries, and the eggs.
It is the male reproductive system and is formed by the stamen that produces pollen. The anthers are the part of the flower where pollen is created and which, in turn, is supported by the filaments. The teak, where the production of pollen is kept.
These are the specialized leaves of the flower. Their colors, shape, the presence or absence of aroma responds to many genetic and climatic factors. Still, in general, they are beautiful structures visually since their function is to attract pollinating agents (bees, insects, etc.).
The butterfly is one of the pollinating agents of the flowers that contribute to the reproduction process. Flowers have three essential functions for nature: Pollination, Direct pollination, Indirect pollination.
Pollination is the displacement of the pollen grain from the anthers (one of the organelles of the Endocyte) to the top of the pistil (stigma). Pollination, in turn, can be of two types:
Direct pollination: the passage of pollen to the stigma takes place without the intervention of pollinating factors.
Once the pollen has been produced and transported to the stigma, fertilization occurs, which will generate new seeds.
The seeds of a flower are potential new fruits and plants. Therefore, the survival of that species depends on the seeds being able to be produced, propagated, and developed efficiently.
If the seeds develop properly, they will give rise to a new fruit, which in many cases, is edible. Therefore, flowers are a source of food for both animals and human beings.
Flowers have functional and aesthetic characteristics that make them recognizable to the naked eye, such as
The flowers have bright colors to attract pollinating agents, such as bees or butterflies. The distribution of their petals also fulfills this function.
The flowers also generate a substance called nectar, which works as a kind of “hook” to attract bees, butterflies, and other types of pollinators. As it sits on the flower in search of nectar, pollen attaches to it and travels to other plants.
That smell is an evolutionary feature that developed the flower to attract flies, beetles, and other pollinating agents.
Some plants have flowers that function as a defense against herbivorous animals. Foxgloves (digitalis purpura) are plants whose bulbs generate chemicals that not only keep animals away but are also toxic to humans.
There are several types of flowers according to their number of first leaves (cotyledons) or their sexual organs.
Flowers according to their number of cotyledons
Cotyledons are the first leaves of a plant, which contain an essential part of the seed. Within the angiosperms, which are the flowers that bear fruit with seeds, there are two main categories according to the number of cotyledons (first leaves of a plant) they have:
They have seeds from a single cotyledon, that is, from a first leaf that gave origin to the plant. Generally, they have three petals or multiples of three. Examples of cotyledonous flowers would be orchids, tulips, lilies, and food plants such as corn and wheat.
They are flowers with seeds that come from two cotyledons or first leaves and usually have petals in multiples of four or five. Examples of dicotyledonous flowers would be those of the eucalyptus tree, roses, and apple tree flowers.
Flowers according to their reproductive organs
Depending on the sexual organs that the flowers have, they can be
They are flowering plants that have female organs (pistil) and male organs (stamens) simultaneously. Some examples of hermaphrodite flowers are those of tomato, coffee, and citrus plants.
They are plants that have a group of flowers with male organs and another with female organs. The action of pollinating agents such as wind, bees, or human beings contributes to reproduction. Examples of plants with monoecious flowers would be rice and sorghum.
They are flowering plants that have only one type of sex organ. That means that for them to reproduce, another plant with flowers with a different reproductive organ is required. Examples of plants with dioecious flowers are ginkgo Biloba and kiwi.