The horse is the most beautiful, noble, and agile animal in the world. This species has been evolving for many years and has accompanied man in the process.
Horses are of great help because they are used for agricultural activities, besides being of great entertainment since they are also used in races or exhibitions.
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The horse was a small herbivorous mammal that lived in the Eocene epoch, about 55 million years ago.
It is said that it had a height of 20 to 40 cm and that it was pretty similar to a dog, had an arched back, and had four fingers on the forelimbs and three on the hind limbs that ended in quite strong nails.
To feed, they took the bushes’ tender leaves since their teeth were only adapted for it. Their eyes were more in the head’s center, which did not allow them to see very well.
Until the horse, as we know it today, there was a significant evolution in different continents. It is said that after the Pliohippus species, it began to have teeth and limbs similar to today’s horses.
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This species lived about 12 thousand years ago, besides being the first monodactyl, so these animals were gaining speed to flee from predators.
But it was not until the Pleistocene that the horse began to be identical to the one we know today.
It was a long evolution until we reached the current Equus, which was the only genus of the family that could survive thanks to its ability to adapt.
The first specimen emerged about 5 million years ago. Throughout history, the Equus has accompanied humankind in wars, crops, migrations.
The horse also travels for more than 3,500 years and represents the horse’s evolutionary process’s most successful adaptation.