Mushrooms are commonly called living beings belonging to the Fungi Kingdom, one of the groups in which life is classified as known.
Of all the mushrooms that exist on our planet, humans have only been able to study 5%. Now, you can see them here in the mushroom coloring pages.
Printable Mushroom Coloring Pages
Formerly, mushrooms were considered plants because of their immobility and growing in the soil, which is why they have traditionally been studied by botany.
But as biology studies progressed, mushrooms were separated from the plant kingdom since they do not possess chlorophyll and, therefore, do not perform photosynthesis, which is the main characteristic of plants.
Mushrooms could be included in the animal kingdom, but they would not fit in, so the solution would be to classify living beings into five kingdoms.
And one of these kingdoms is the fungi, to which mushrooms belong, including more than 100,000 species. This kingdom made necessary the appearance of new science in charge of its study; it is mycology.
The Main Parts of a mushroom that can be differentiated in a mushroom are the following:
Hymenium: It is the part generally located under the cap and can take different forms, plates, tubes, stingers, or folds.
Its primary function is to create, develop, store and disperse the spores that generate a new cycle in forming a fresh mushroom.
Cap: Located on foot, it performs the function of protection in the formation and development of the spores.
One of the characteristics that differentiate mushrooms by the cap is that it can take different aspects, shapes, and colors.
Foot: It acts as a support for the hymenium and cap, although there are mushrooms that may not have a foot or maybe atrophied. In this case, they are said to be sessile in appearance.
Volva: It is a membrane-shaped fragment from the general veil that surrounds the base of the foot in some mushrooms.
It is characteristic in Amanita and Volvaria and can sometimes disappear when the mushroom is mature.
Ring or curtain: It is the rest of the membrane that comes from the rupture of the internal partial veil, which some mushrooms have, that, when growing, is deposited in the upper part of the foot generating an annular shape.
The curtain is formed by a mass of very fine fibrils, giving rise to a veil that covers and protects the hymenium.