The reindeer is a mammal that lives in the tundras and taigas in the northern hemisphere. Approximately one million specimens live in both Alaska and Canada.
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Free Reindeer Coloring Pages
It is the only species of deer in which both genera have antlers but have different dates for changing antlers, young males in spring, older males during December, and females in summer.
Depending on the subspecies, the physical measurements may have varied. Males are 180 to 214 centimeters long and weigh 159-182 kilograms, while females are 162-205 centimeters long and weigh 180 to 120 kilograms.
Their hooves are adapted not to sink when walking on ice and snow; their plants are renewed during the winter. When walking, the movement of the tendons produces a noise.
They are migratory species, moving in large herds up to 5,000 km annually, with some caribou populations located in North America as the mammals that travel the furthest distances.
Some subspecies move shorter distances or even only make small movements in local areas.
During migration, they can travel from 19 to 55 km per day, running at speeds of 60 to 80 km/h. They are very skilled swimmers, running up to 10 km/h.
Due to its contemplative nature, its stomach is four cavities. Their diet is mainly based on willow leaves, dwarf birch, and lichen, and they can even eat poisonous plants such as glacier buttercups without being in any danger.
Despite their herbivorous preference, they can consume small rodents and birds, as well as eggs.
The mating period is from the end of September to the beginning of November. The males compete for the females, bumping into each other’s antlers and trying to repel each other.
The winner may gather a harem of up to 15 females. During this time, the males stop eating, so they lose a lot of their body reserves.