Few natural phenomena are as beautiful and spectacular as waterfalls, a geographical feature produced by the existence of a considerable difference in the level of a riverbed, which, through the effect of gravity, causes the water to fall vertically.
The waterfalls are a particular manifestation of river erosion, which can take on highly spectacular forms also characterized by large dimensions, so much so that waterfalls often take on a prominent significance in political geography.
Beautiful Animated Waterfall Pictures
A waterfall is a place where the water flows quickly and loses elevation as it flows through a region with a steep slope or over a cliff.
Among the most famous waterfalls in the world are the Iguazu Falls, composed of 275 waterfalls of different heights located between Argentina and Brazil.
The Niagara Falls is located on the border between the United States and Canada with a flow that reaches 11. 000 m³/s.
The Yosemite Falls in California, with a drop of 739 m, is well known for its beauty and the Angel Falls in Venezuela, with a height of 979 m (807 m of uninterrupted fall), is the highest waterfall in the world.
There are some natural phenomena, such as waterfalls, that amaze the observer with the power released. When the river’s water or stream undergoes a jump to a difference in the height of the ground, a waterfall is created.
The size depends on the flow of the watercourse, the rocks’ characteristics that make up its bed, and the height of the jump made.
Waterfalls occur in rivers when there is a sharp difference in level. This is produced by the erosive force that the river has in the high course.
When the river meets two surfaces of different hardness, it causes one to wear out more than the other (river erosion). This wear gives rise to steps or, if the difference in level is more significant, to waterfalls.
The biggest ones are not produced in this way but have been created by faults in the ground.
The fundamental definition of the waterfall concept is; the fall of a stream of water from a certain height to a sudden drop in the terrain.
To better understand the characteristics of the phenomenon, it is useful to remember the type of erosion exerted by river systems.
The erosive power of a river is determined by the overall height difference between its source and the lowest altitude reached by its waters, which most often is the surface of the sea level but can also be a lake or a marshy area.
If the land crossed alternates between hard and soft levels, areas are determined that respond differently to erosion and therefore generate height differences from which the waterfalls originate.
Once the difference in height has been created, the erosion continues to remove the material of the softest level immediately below the hardest rock wall, triggering collapses in the latter that cause the waterfall to retreat upstream; therefore, we speak of regressive erosion.
Waterfalls are considered one of the most beautiful phenomena in nature. Some waterfalls are used to generate hydraulic energy.
The waterfalls are classified into different types ten according to the way they descend. Some primary examples are Punchbowl Waterfalls, Plunge Waterfalls, Multi-step Waterfalls, Horsetail Waterfalls, Frozen Waterfalls, Fan Waterfalls, Chutes, Waterfalls, Waterfalls, and Block Waterfalls.
The Punchbowl waterfall has a large catchment pond at the bottom of the waterfall. This type of waterfall is mostly quiet, and swimming under it is usually easy.
The Plunge waterfall falls in a vertical flow and loses contact with the exposed bedrock.
The multi-step waterfall is one of the most beautiful forms of waterfalls due to its series of cascades that throw water into one sunken pool after another in a staggered manner, creating a scenario of several lakes with their waterfalls.
The Horsetail Waterfall maintains contact with the hard rock behind it as it plunges into its pool. This type is a more natural waterfall and is found almost everywhere in many countries around the world.
The frozen waterfall is the result of winter freezing the water during the season.
Fan Waterfall produces a fan shape as the water descends into your pool below, all the while retaining contact with your bedrock.
The Chute waterfall is a pressurized waterfall that is the result of a large volume of water passing through a very narrow pass that creates a powerful waterfall current.
The Cataract Waterfall is the most powerful of the falls and has the strongest water currents. Its wild waters emit that familiar thundering sound from afar.
Cascade Waterfall has a series of rock levels into which it falls. It is also one of the most beautiful and gentle types of falls.
The Block Waterfall is also a thundering form of fall. It flows down your waterline from a broad river or stream.